Coronaviruses (CoV) may be a large family of viruses that cause illness from common colds to serious illnesses like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). Coronavirus (COVID-19) may be a new strain that was discovered in 2019 and has never been identified in humans.
Coronavirus are zoonotic, meaning they’re transmitted between animals and humans. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses circulate in non-human-infected animals.
Common recommendations for preventing the spread of infections include regular washing of hands, covering the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, cooking whole meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone who shows signs of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
Watch for symptoms
If you think you have been exposed to COVID-19 and have had fever and symptoms, such as a cough or difficulty breathing, call your health care provider for medical advice. Reported illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death for confirmed Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases.
Common symptoms of infection include symptoms of shortness of breath, fever, cough, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. In extreme cases, the infection can lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory illness, kidney failure, and death. The following symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure. If you develop COVID-19 emergency warning signs get medical attention immediately. Emergency warning signs include
- Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion or inability to arouse
- Blue lips or face
How to Protect Yourself by COVID-19 Coronavirus Attack
Older adults and people with severe chronic medical conditions such as heart or lung disease or diabetes appear to be at higher risk of developing severe COVID-19 disorders. Please consult your health care provider for additional steps that you can take to protect yourself Coronavirus.
Clean your hands often
- Always wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after you are in a public place, or after you have a runny nose, cough, or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol. Cover the entire area of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close association with sick people
- Set the distance between you and other people when COVID-19 spreads in your community. This is especially important for high-risk individuals.
Take steps to Protect Others
- Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care.
Cover Cough and Sneezes
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your muscles.
- Throw used tissue in the trash.
- Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, wash your hands with a hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol
Wear a face mask if you are sick
If you are sick: You should wear a viewing area when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or car) even before entering the health care provider’s office. If you can’t wear a face mask (for example, because it creates respiration), you should do your best to cover the cough and sneeze, and people who care about you should wear a face mask when they enter your room.
If you are not sick: You do not need to wear a face mask unless you are caring for a sick person (and they cannot wear a face mask). Face masks may be scarce and should be kept for careers.
Clean and Disinfect
- Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
- If the surface is dirty, clean it: Use a cleanser or soap and water before disinfecting.
There is currently no vaccine to develop COVID-19. Antibiotics are also ineffective because COVID-19 is a viral infection and not a virus.
If your symptoms worsen, supportive therapy can be given by your doctor or hospital. This type of treatment may include:
- Fluids to reduce the risk of dehydration.
- Antidepressant medication.
- Supplemental oxygen in more severe cases.
- People who have difficulty breathing alone because of COVID-19 may need a respirator.